PCOS, endometriosis and other health problems that can cause infertility in women

Over 30 million Indians, both men and women, suffer from infertility. Yet, there is not a much open discussion about the growing concern and a general lack of awareness surrounding the condition. There are multiple risk factors that affect the fertility of an individual and age is one of the most prominent. Apart from age, obesity coupled with a sedentary lifestyle has also been linked to infertility in women. Additionally, research has found that being underweight or anorexia can also have an adverse impact on fertility. Dr Anita Suryanarayan, Vice President (South India & Sri Lanka), Metropolis Healthcare explains the common conditions that can up the risk of infertility in women in India. Also read can homoeopathic remedies treat infertility?

Reasons for infertility in Indian women

Among women, some of the most common factors for infertility are:

#1. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): PCOS causes a hormone imbalance, which affects ovulation, and is the most common cause of female infertility.

#2. Hypothalamic dysfunction: Luteinising hormone (LH) and Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), these two hormones produced by the pituitary gland are responsible for stimulating ovulation each month. Disruption in the production of these hormones can affect ovulation and cause infertility. Also read about ways obesity affects your chances of getting pregnant.

#3. Premature ovarian failure: This disorder is usually caused due to an autoimmune response or premature loss of eggs from the ovary. If the ovary does not produce eggs, it lowers oestrogen production in women under the age of 40 and hence, is a cause of infertility.

#4. Excessive prolactin: The pituitary gland may cause excess production of prolactin, which reduces oestrogen production and thus, lead to infertility. Read more on medical advancements that can help women to conceive.

#5. Damage to fallopian tubes (tubal infertility): Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes keep sperm from getting to the egg or block the passage of the fertilised egg into the uterus and may be a cause for infertility.

#6. Endometriosis: Endometriosis affects the lining of the uterus and disrupts implantation of the fertilised egg. The condition also affects fertility in less-direct ways, such as damage to the sperm or egg.

#7. Uterine or cervical problems: Benign polyps or tumours that are common in the uterus can block fallopian tubes or interfere with implantation, affecting fertility. Uterine abnormalities present from birth can cause also cause problems becoming or remaining pregnant. Cervical stenosis, which is a narrowing of the cervix, can be caused by an inherited malformation or damage to the cervix is also a cause of infertility. Read about infertility profiling: tests to check why you’re not getting pregnant.

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