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3 months ago
World Cancer Day: ‘CAUTION’ – 7 most common and significant signs of cancer

The term ‘CAUTION’ signifies the care or the need to take action to avoid any mistake or danger. On the occasion of ‘World Cancer Day’ which is observed on the 4th of February, the word CAUTION will help recognise and establish the 7 most common and significant signs of cancer. Dr Anil Heroor, Head Surgical Oncology, Fortis Hospital, Mulund explains in detail about what CAUTION stands for.

What does CAUTION stand for?

C: Change in bowel or bladder – If you have been experiencing healthy and regular bowel movements but have begun to experience a sudden or gradual shift in this routine; be it the frequency, constipation, diarrhea, change in shape or color, bloody stools and rectal bleeding, these could be signs of cancer. These are often signs of colorectal cancer or even cancer of the larger intestine. Here are ways to change your food habits and prevent cancer!

 A: A lesion that does not heal – Lesions or sores that do not heal for over three months, are considered as chronic wounds. Red nodules, rough and scaly patches often accompanied with bleeding are signs of skin cancer. These might also include growths or lumps and development of crusts. Lesions caused due to constant trauma on a certain area must not be neglected too. For E.g.: Sari cancer that occurs on the waistline caused by pigmentation and scaling of the skin caused by persistent pressure at a single point when the sari is draped.

U: Unusual bleeding or discharge – The most common is bleeding from the breasts, indicating breast cancer. Breast cancer is not limited to women alone; 1% of breast cancer cases reflect amongst men, they should be careful too. Unusual bleeding or discharge from the bladder, vagina or rectum are signs of colorectal, cervical or prostate cancer and must not be neglected. Also read about top 5 types of cancers in Indian women.

T: Thickening or lump in breasts or elsewhere – Lumps in breasts or the testicles point to breast and testicular cancer. However, not all lumps may be cancerous. People are often misguided that a lump if painless might be malignant; however, both painless and painful lumps are a cause of concern.

I: Indigestion or difficulty in swallowing – If you find it constantly difficulty to swallow, a jammed like feeling in your throat and constant bouts of indigestion, be sure to visit a specialist. These are signs of mouth, esophageal, stomach or throat cancer.

O: Obvious changes in wart or moleMoles that change in color, size and appearance must be shown to a specialist immediately. This symptomatic change is an indication of skin cancer.

N: Nagging cough or persistent hoarseness – Hoarseness in your voice can be caused by a number of reasons; if persistent or if its stops and reappears for at least four weeks thus developing a pattern, help must be sought. This could be an indicator of throat or lung cancer.

These are the main indicators or symptoms that shout out cancer. Be sure to seek expert advice if any of these persists. Remember, early diagnosis is key. Some of the other constant symptoms one should not ignore include-

(1) Vomiting or coughing up blood

(2) Continuous and persistent headaches

(3) Severe pain in bones

(4) Chronic fatigue and nausea

Image Source: Shutterstock

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