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World AIDS Day 2017: India saw 80,000 new HIV/AIDS cases in 2016

December 1 is World AIDS Day. The theme of 2017 is “Increasing Impact through Transparency, Accountability, and Partnerships”

According to National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) report 2016 and India HIV estimation 2015 report, adult HIV prevalence in India was estimated to be 0.30% in males 0.22 % in females in 2015. The age group was 15 years – 49 years. The adult HIV prevalence at national level has declined steadily from 2003 – 2015. It was  0.38% in 2001-2003, 0.34% in 2007, 0.28% in 2012 and 0.26% (average of males and females) in 2015. Here are few more must-to-know facts about HIV/AIDS in India you need to know.

#1. The number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in India was estimated to be 21.17 lakhs in 2015 as compared to 22.26 lakhs in 2007. The statistics of children (younger than 15 years) suffering from HIV accounted for 6.54%in the year 2015.

#2.As per the AIDS Healthcare Foundation, our country witnessed 80,000 new infections in 2016. The estimated number of new HIV infections in 2015 were around 86 thousand. It showed a decline of around 66% in infections from 2000 and 32% from 2007. Here are some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about HIV answered.

#3. With 2.1 million Indians infected with HIV infection, India accounts for the third highest number of people living with HIV in the world. Despite the availability of free antiretroviral treatment, uptake remains low as many individuals face difficulty in accessing clinics.

#4. There is high HIV prevalence rate among trans community at 7.5% whereas the general population has a prevalence rate of 0.26%. In spite of a free public health system, the transgender community has reported facing complete denial, humiliation and exclusion from medical services. Also read about Latest advances in HIV treatment in India.

#5.The risk of developing active tuberculosis (TB) is estimated to be 26 and 31 times greater in people living with HIV than in those who are HIV-negative. There is no official data on the magnitude of the TB/HIV co-infection in India. However, the data garnered from studies on HIV seropositivity among adult TB patients in tertiary health care centres do provide an insight on the magnitude of the problem though it would be naive to assume the data to be representative of the problem in the community.

#6.Approximately, 12 million people in India are chronically infected with Hepatitis C. An estimated 2.3 million people living with HIV are co-infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) globally as per WHO.

#7.Various State AIDS Control Society is facing a massive shortage of condoms to distribute among the masses. As per NACP IV MTR report, only 16 percent of the population has access to condoms. Read more on why lack of access to condoms in India is a growing concern.

WIth inputs from AIDS Healthcare Foundation.

Image Source: Shutterstock

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