Is Surrogacy Used In IVF Treatment?

Aamir Khan and Kiran Rao became the face of IVF surrogacy in India in 2011 when they welcomed their first-born child into the world through surrogacy using the IVF (in-vitro fertilization) technique. Since then, several Bollywood bigwigs including Shah Rukh Khan and Tusshar Kapoor have followed suit.

However, it’s not just celebrities who are opting for IVF surrogates as the treatment has a very high success rate. The chances of a successful pregnancy is approximately 30-40 per cent in the first attempt and this figures goes up to 80-90 per cent for 3 attempts.

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What Does IVF Surrogacy Mean & How Is It Different From Traditional Surrogacy?

In the case of a traditional surrogate, the surrogate gets artificially inseminated with sperm from the man. This means that she is the biological mother to the child since it was her egg that was fertilized by the sperm.

However, in the case of in-vitro fertilization surrogacy, a surrogate is implanted with an embryo, which in turn is created by IVF when the mother’s egg is fertilized by the father’s sperm. The baby is therefore genetically unrelated to the surrogate and instead is the biological child of both parents.

When Is The IVF Surrogacy Procedure Recommended?

IVF surrogacy is generally recommended in cases where the woman is unable to carry a child to term for medical reasons. Some of the most common reasons for IVF surrogacy include:
– Recurrent IVF implantation failure
– Serious medical problems or malformation of the womb
– A hysterectomy operation in which your uterus was removed
– Recurrent miscarriages
– A pre-existing condition that makes pregnancy risky for you

What Is The IVF Surrogacy Cost In India?

The IVF surrogacy cost in India ranges between 60,000 and 1.2 lakh, while the IUI (Intrauterine insemination) cost is approximately 10,000 – 15,000 rupees. However, the cost of IVF treatments vary greatly according to the region — in Bangalore and Mumbai, the cost can go up to as much as 5 lakhs. Surrogates are not allowed to accept direct payment for the service itself, although the couple is expected to foot all the medical and health bills of the surrogate. However, according to doctors and others in the know, most surrogates expect a “gift” of 50,000 rupees before or immediately after the delivery!

What Are The Risks Of IVF Surrogacy?

The risks of IVF surrogacy are similar to those for an IVF treatment — this would include an adverse reaction to the prescribed drugs, as well as the possibility of multiple births. The surrogate is also at a risk for ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome (OHSS). This is a rather rare condition where an over-reaction to fertility drugs causes excessive egg production. Surrogates are also at a higher risk of an ectopic pregnancy as compared to other women. With IVF surrogacy, there is the additional risk of transferring diseases such as HIV and hepatitis which is why screening of everyone involved and adequate preparation for IVF procedure is especially important in surrogacy.

When deciding on a surrogate, fertility experts suggest that the woman should be below 35 with a clean bill of health. However, it is important to understand all the medical costs as well as the legal issues involved before you make your decision.

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