Health Female Adda
9 months ago
Can a pomegranate a day keep prostate cancer away?

There are many studies that suggest that pomegranate works like a wonder fruit, especially for men — it helps to improve libido, deal with erectile dysfunction and also offer protection to the prostate gland to some extent. Experts believe that the skin, the fruit or pericarp and seeds all have therapeutic properties that help in keeping the prostate healthy or preventing an onset of prostate cancer. Here are few reasons why the prostate cancer is called the silent killer.

While there are many studies that tried to establish a link between eating pomegranates and prostate cancer not all of them came up with something conclusive. But a very recent study published in the journal Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases in 2017 tried to study the effects of pomegranate juice and its components in context to prostate cancer and its prevention. The trials took into account patients who were on observation (like with enlarged prostate problems), patients on chemotherapy, patients who had high chances of recurrence following local therapy for prostate cancer and patients with metastatic cancer, where the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Read to know why prostate cancer screening might not be needed by all.

It was seen that people who had high chances of recurrence when given both pomegranate juice and extract showed a significant delay in PSA doubling time, which means it took months for the reading to rise two-fold. So, it was concluded that for people with chances of recurrence probably having pomegranate juice or the fruit can help delay an onset of the same. However, for people who were on chemotherapy, pomegranate products weren’t effective. A large trial demonstrated a significant increase in urolithin A and a non-significant reduction in 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidation in prostate cancer tissue in people who were on chemotherapy to treat the cancer (shrink the cancer by killing the cells). But food supplements that had around 31.25 percent pomegranate extract when consumed by people who were on active surveillance for the cancer and those who underwent treatment but were in a high-risk category, showed a significant lowering of PSA.  Read to know if eating fish can reduce chances of prostate cancer.

PSA is the protein-specific antigen, a protein secreted by the prostate gland. The level of PSA in the blood is a good indicator to detect prostate cancer early. Usually, if PSA levels are high in the blood, it signifies an onset of prostate cancer.

So, the study concluded that the antioxidant properties of pomegranate might not have a concrete effect on men suffering from prostate cancer. However, a subset of them did benefit from the fruit extract. Even for people who had high chances of recurrence and showed delayed in PSA doubling time, only a particular genotype responded to the trial. However, people who had to comply with the wait-and-watch approach (as the cancer is a slow growing one and at times never leads to anything serious) did benefit from the pomegranate therapy. Here are few health benefits of pomegranate.

So, if you are wondering whether you should include this fruit in your diet or not, then the straightforward answer is — yes. You will immensely benefit from its antioxidant properties that purify blood and keeps every cell in the body healthy. But if you have been diagnosed with prostate cancer better talk to your doctor about what you should eat and how to rein in portion control. Obviously, pomegranate products are not advisable for people who are on chemotherapy for treatment.

Reference:

1: Paller CJ, Pantuck A, Carducci MA. A review of pomegranate in prostate cancer. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2017 Sep;20(3):265-270. doi: 10.1038/pcan.2017.19. Epub 2017 Apr 25. Review. PubMed PMID: 28440320; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5555799.

Image source: Shutterstock

 

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